Even if your home was not damaged by flooding, your private well may need attention. Wells that have been submerged beneath floodwater or high groundwater tables should be disinfected and tested for safety before using water from them for drinking or food preparation. Read more about Check Private Wells for Contamination after Flooding
University of Missouri Extension
Story source: Patrick Davis, 417-276-3313
STOCKTON, Mo. - Cattle producers see more profit when they add legumes to fescue pastures and manage grazing systems properly, says Patrick Davis, University of Missouri Extension livestock specialist.
Fescue remains the hardy mainstay of southwestern Missouri pastures. Adding legumes gives fescue fields more nutritional punch and profit, Davis says.
Proper management is key to making grasses and legumes work well together, he says. This begins with management-intensive grazing (MIG).
Under MIG, cattle graze on forage 3 to 8 inches tall. Cattle begin grazing at 8 inches and eat forage down to 3 inches. This is followed by paddock rest until the forage reaches original height. This strategy promotes stronger roots and gives cattle best-quality forage, Davis says. Forage in this range also contains less ergovaline, a toxic alkaloid. The highest concentrations of ergovaline are in the bottom 2 inches of the plant and seed heads.
Add legumes into fescue pastures for other benefits. Pasture quality improves and the amount of toxic fescue is diluted.
“Proper incorporation and management of legume species, including red and white clover or lespedeza, is important for their persistence into your fescue sod,” Davis says.
Two seeding options are frost seeding and no-till drilling. Contact your local MU Extension agronomy specialist for advice on seeding methods or download the MU Extension guide “Seeding Rates, Dates and Depths for Common Missouri Forages” at extension.missouri.edu/p/g4652.
To persist, legumes need time to grow without fescue competition and grazing pressure. Proper MIG allows both, says Davis. After grazing, allow a four- to five-week rest period for young legume plants.
Test soil before planting. Soil pH should be above 6.0 for red and white clover and above 5.5 for lespedeza. Local MU Extension centers can advise on proper soil testing procedures and fertility.
“Legumes are higher quality than grasses because of the lower stem-to-leaf ratio,” Davis says. “This results in lower neutral detergent fiber and increased protein concentrations.” This combination improves forage intake, cattle performance and profit potential, he says.
Total pasture legume coverage should be about 30 percent. If coverage is above 50 percent, potential for cattle bloat increases.
Davis gives these tips to reduce cattle bloat potential:
-Restrict grazing and give cattle time to adapt to the legume field.
-Provide cattle dry hay before turning them out to legume pasture to reduce legume intake.
-Provide poloxalene to cattle through bloat blocks or other ways of supplementation.
Contact the MU Extension livestock or agronomy specialist in your area for more information. Information on how to improve your grasslands is also available at NRCS-GrasslandsProject.missouri.edu.
University of Missouri Extension
Story source: Debi Kelly, 636-797-5391
HILLSBORO, Mo. – University of Missouri Extension offers a specialty crop workshop, “Crop Planning and High Value Crops,” 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Saturday, April 6, at Hillsboro City Hall, 101 Main St., Hillsboro.
Liz Graznak of Happy Hollow Farm in Jamestown leads the main session on how to plan a successful crop rotation on a vegetable farm, says Debi Kelly, MU Extension horticulture specialist. Graznak will highlight tomatoes, cucumbers and lettuce.
Happy Hollow Farm is a certified organic community-supported agriculture operation. The farm uses a combination of highly managed cover cropping techniques, crop rotations, compost applications, hay mulch and small amounts of minerals and nutrients. Graznak says the farm produces 100 percent of the energy it uses.
The event is part of MU Extension’s Missouri Beginning Farmers program through the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. MU Extension partners with the Missouri Brain Injury Association and the Franciscan Farm in De Soto to fill in the gaps for beginning farmers, socially disadvantaged farmers, military veteran farmers, and farmers with disabilities and brain injuries.
Rapid snow melt this spring has caused instances of stored grain being covered with floodwater. According to current Food and Drug Administration policy, grain inundated by uncontrolled river or stream water is considered adulterated and must be destroyed. Read more about Management Guidance for Flooded Grain
Introduction Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum), also called Nepalese browntop, is an aggressive invader